Third Reich Military Concerts…

During the years of the Third Reich 1933-1945, public concerts & radio performances given by the military orchestras and bands of the elite Wehrmacht & Waffen-SS Musikkorps, particularly by Adolf Hitler’s Bodyguard Division band, the Leibstandarte-SS, were very much a feature of civilian life in both pre-war & war-time Germany and as such were deemed a vitally important part of the propaganda morale-boosting of the German Home Front…

The co-ordination of these  important social and inherently propaganda events came under the control of the ‘Kraft durch Freude’ (Strength through Joy) organisation, a department of the Deutsche Arbeitsfront that oversaw and promoted public entertainment and holidays for the people throughout the Third Reich.

So it was that this KdF organisation took responsibility for promoting all of the pre-war military concert tours that regularly took place right across Greater Germany, plus all of the major musical events staged by the elite bands of theSS-Leibstandarte ‘Adolf Hitler’ and the Wehrmacht’s leading Musikkorps, such as the ‘Grossdeutschland’ Musikkorps within Berlin’s Wachbataillonen...

When rostered to perform concerts in public as part of their normal everyday military service, Wehrmacht & Waffen-SS soldier-musicians were governed by either the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht or the SS Reichsführung Hauptamt, and were paid in exactly the same manner as ordinary enlisted personnel, which was once every ten days at the rate of 25 Pfennig per day.

However, when they were booked to perform at a specifically-staged high profile concert or national event… or were out ‘on the road’ on tour across Germany for the Kraft durch Freude organisation, a separate deal would be struck directly with the Musikkorps in question, which proved to be a very valuable source of additional private income for all of the musicians involved…

Permission would be sought of the band’s unit commander by the KdF organisation to perform, and a fee of some 5% of the concert or event takings would be paid directly into the unit’s military account; thereafter, pay for the performers was carefully divided up, with the conductor/band-leader earning three shares and each individual musician, regardless of his rank, earning one share apiece…

It was not always possible for the full band line-ups to appear, however strict band rotas were operated to try to make sure that all the band’s musicians received the opportunity to play at these outside concerts and earn a little extra, and to ensure that musicians were specifically selected for certain concerts according to their required musical skills.Indeed the Musikkorps of the SS-Leibstandarte ‘Adolf Hitler’ had, within its line-up of musicians, a superb dance-band (right) that was always in demand to perform at private parties for the well-to-do in and around the German capital, Berlin…

By way of further prospects for additional earnings over and above their normal military pay, all of the top Wehrmacht & Waffen-SS military orchestras in fact were also readily available (and much encouraged by their separate High Commands) to perform at private functions, weddings, family celebrations and myriad gatherings laid on by senior ministers, dignitaries, government officials and the military Top Brass.. an opportunity these highly-trained, professional musicians never missed when offered… their day-to-day military duties permitting. of course!

All Wehrmacht & Waffen-SS Musikkorps performances that were tightly organised and overseen by the Kraft durch Freude, also included those live performances broadcast on Greater German radio, such as the most important Sunday night Wunschkonzert für die Wehrmacht, (Request Concert for the Armed Forces, broadcast from Reichssender Berlin).

In addition the KdF also took on overall responsibility for organising the regular professional studio-recording sessions that many of the leading Musikkorps, (such as the Musikkorps LAH & ‘Grossdeutschland’) had with the leading German music labels, including Telefunken, Electrola, HMV & Gloria, where these varied musical activities would also result in a similar division of additional pay amongst the participating musicians, plus vital contributions to the individual band’s military fund…

           Copyright @ Brian Matthews 2014

German Music in The Movies – Pt 1

Great to see the superb 2002 WW-II Prisoner-of-War Hollywood movie Hart’s War, (starring Bruce Willis & Colin Farrel), getting another welcome airing on the BBC last night.. and so giving Tomahawk another equally welcome double-credit as the archive supplying the main German musik tracks to the film, the Deutschlandlied and the Horst Wessel Lied as performed by the Musikkorps of the Leibstandarte-SS Adolf Hitlerand taken from our album of the same name…

Both the Horst Wessel Lied, (often known as the alternative Nazi National Anthem), and the ‘true’ German National Anthem, were both supplied to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in Los Angeles on disc, where both tracks were then beautifully re-worked by MGM’s audio department and dubbed into the sound-track to appear as if coming directly from loud-speakers of the POW camp that Bruce Willis’ character found himself in… and it was most interesting to hear how the movie’s dubbing team were able to suppress and alter our original high quality re-mastered recordings to give that very ‘tinny’ effect of schellack 78rpm records playing on a wind-up record player via an old 1940s metal loudspeaker over a large area…great work!

Actually in addition to the marketing of our CDs & DVDs to collectors & enthusiasts around the world, as a full-time professional German Archive, Tomahawk is now regularly involved in helping, advising & supplying our original music to similar movie & television production companies for use on their documentary & movie soundtracks and latterly, the incredibly moving and thought-provoking 2008 Disney-Miramax, Mark Herman-directed movie ‘Boy in the Striped Pajamas’ (US spelling), also contacted us for help with their soundtrack..

The movie is based on the isuperb 2006 novel ‘Boy in the Striped Pyjamas’ as penned by Irish author John Boyne and which was recently required reading on the history syllabus in schools & colleges here in the UK; and we were contracted to supply two of our tracks, (the Horst Wessel Lied which is actually now one of the most popular tracks for producers, again due to that ‘alternative’ Nazi National Anthem tag), as performed by the Musikkorps der SS-Leibstandarte ‘Adolf Hitler’ and ‘Mein Regiment, mein Heimatland’ as performed by the Musikkorps des Infanterie Regiments Grossdeutschland’ and which can be found on our Third Reich Favourites CD.

In fact this past weekend has been a good ‘un in terms of television credits for Tomahawk, thanks also to the airing on the History Channel of the US New Animal Production’s excellent 2-part series Third Reich – The Rise and The Fall… which was first shown in the US and if you have not yet caught it here over in the UK, then you are in for an absolute treat… I certainly enjoyed oit very much indeed!

I must admit that it has been quite a long while, (despite my 40-odd years of working with, and viewing, archival footage) since I last saw so much original German newsreel footage in a single production such as The Rise and The Fall for, sadly these days, many documentaries are now produced on a very limited budget; allied to that, some network bosses seemingly say to their staff: “go out and make me a documentary on such & such” as if they were heading to the supermarket to merely buy groceries. Sadly I have experienced this at first-hand, having been on the receiving end of a regional TV ‘producer’, (deputed to make such a film at a time of a major WW-II anniversary),  who was sent to me to pick my brains..(free of charge..natch! ).

Unfortunately one of the direct results of these ‘docs on a budget’ is that, unable to afford trained film researchers any more, many WW-II or Third Reich documentaries simply include the same old, (and in many cases very tired), German newsreel footage and you get the impression that the unfortunate individual ordered to find the required footage just sticks his or her head into the Archive to grab the cans or tapes nearest the door on an: ‘oh, that’ll do.. the audience won’t notice”..basis!

Thus it is that often these days, no matter what you watch you will just keep seeing the same old recycled footage coming around time and again..! Makes you wonder why people bother to keep producing such docs in the first place when they have nothing new to add to a debate, nor nothing new to illustrate that debate with…. especially given that most tv audiences for such WW-II documentaries are highly knowledgeable & incredibly well-informed and usually know far more about the subject than most producers do… and will have your legs off at the knees if you make a mistake, especially if it is an unfortunate ‘schoolboy howler’..!

To be fair, I know that original ‘unseen’ footage is becoming ever harder to uncover, which is why the new genre of ‘re-enactors’ being filmed in documentaries is now gaining currency, and though not my favourite production trick I’ll admit, the recent superb Channel 5 series on ‘Heroes of the Skies’ accomplished this with great aplomb, to make a most enjoyable run of programmes.

But this lack of new footage was one of the main reasons Tomahawk Films actively ceased being a WW-II Documentary distributor some 20-odd years ago because every single programme we were being offered increasingly included much the same footage as the previous one, (whatever the WW-II topic being addressed), and we felt we could no longer offer collectors & enthusiasts such a range of apparently ’differing’ documentaries if most were now simply containing the same duplicated footage, time after time.. as that was just not the honourable thing to do..!

However with this superb The Rise and The Fall two-parter by the American New Animal team, they really went the whole hog and not only are their production values quite superb but so much of that I saw in terms of Third Reich archival footage is/was actually new to my eyes. Such a genuine treat and this made it equally exciting for us to see so much our archival music, (12 German tracks supplied in total), being purchased for use on the soundtrack, including a welcome airing for several evocative & spine-tingling tracks from our ever popular Third Reich German Christmas Carols CD..

I was also pleasantly surprised by the producer’s attitude to the doc’s archival music needs in that they also opted for differing tracks from the norm and so also include are lovely dance tracks from our CD ‘Komm mit nach Madeira’:  as performed by Hitler’s favourite band conductor the Hungarian, Barnabas von Géczy, (1897-1971), along with several further emotive tracks from my favourite singer, Ms Lale Andersen as supplied from our Wie einst Lili Marleen CD…

Part one of Third Reich -The Rise has just aired on the Military Channel so I shall now be scanning the TV listings to see when Part Two -The Fall is due to air… hopefully another two hours-worth of really exciting, much unseen & certainly thought-provoking original film footage… and with the appearance of yet more German/Nazi-era period music from the Tomahawk Films WW-II German Archive... result!!

Copyright @ Brian Matthews 2012